We are but whirlpools in a river of ever-flowing water. We are not stuff that abides, but patterns that perpetuate themselves.
--Norbert Wiener

  The Book > Bibliography

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Timothy Berners-Lee Weaving the Web (Great Britain: Orion, 1999)

Vannevar Bush "As We May Think" 1945 Endless Horizons (Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1975); originally published in Atlantic Monthly, July 1945

  • "Memex Revisited," Science Is Not Enough (New York: William Morrow, 1967)

K. Eric Drexler Engines of Creation, (New York: Doubleday, 1986)

Douglas C. Engelbart, Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework April 1962. Summary Report AFOSR-3223 under Contract AF 49(638)-1024, SRI Project 3578 for Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, Calif.

  • "Special Considerations of the Individual as a User, Generator, and Retriever of Information" April 1961. Journal of American Documentation 12, no. 2: 121-125. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Documentation Institute, Berkeley, Calif., October 23-27, 1960

Abbie Hoffman Revolution for the Hell of It (New York: Dial Press, 1968)

William Joy "Why the Future Doesn’t Need Us" Wired, April 2000

Alan Kay and Adele Goldberg "Personal Dynamic Media" Computer, March 1977

  • "The Reactive Engine," Ph.D. thesis, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, September 1969
  • "Microelectronics and the Personal Computer," Scientific American 237, no. 3, September 1977: 230
  • "Computer Software," Scientific American 251, September 1984
  • "Computers, Networks, and Education," Scientific American, September 1991

Jaron Lanier "One Half a Manifesto," Edge 74 September 2000

Lawrence Lessig Code (New York: Perseus, 1999)

J. C. R. Licklider and Robert Taylor. "Computer as a Communications Device," 1968; MIT Archives.

  • Libraries of the Future (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1965)
  • "The Truly SAGE System, or, Toward a Man-Machine System for Thinking, NAS-ARDC Special Study," 20 August 1957; MIT Archives.
  • "Man-Computer Symbiosis," IRE Transactions on Human Factors in Electronics, vol. HFE-1, March, 1960: 4-11
  • "Man-Computer Symbiosis: Part of the Oral Report of the 1958 NAS-ARDC Special Study, Presented on Behalf of the Committee on the Roles of Men in Future Air Force Systems," 20-21 November 1958

Marshall McLuhan The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of the Typographic Man (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1962)

Marvin Minsky Society of Mind (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985)

Theodor Nelson Computer Lib. 1974. (Washington: Microsoft Press, 1987)

  • Literary Machines (self-published by the author) 1981; 1987 5/9.

Seymour Papert Mindstorms: Children, Computers, and Powerful Ideas (New York: Basic Books, 1980)

Eric S. Raymond, The Cathedral and the Bazaar, (California: O’Reilly) 1999

Richard Stallman, GNU Manifesto, 1985

Alan Turing "On Computable Numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem," 1936, Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society (Series 2) 42, 230-265

John von Neumann First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC, 30 June 1945, Contract W-670-ORD4926, Philadelphia, PA Morse School of Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania.

Lawrence Wall "First Perl Conference keynote," 1997

Norbert Wiener, The Human Use of Human Beings (New York: Anchor Books, 1950, 1954)

  • Cybernetics, 2nd edition (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1948; 1961)

Other Manifestos and/or Works Directly Quoted

John Perry Barlow, "A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace" 8 February 1996

Stewart Brand, "SpaceWar" Rolling Stone, 7 December 1972

Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene, 1976. (New York: Oxford, 1990)

Ferry, W. H. et al. "The Triple Revolution" 1964. The Sixties Papers: Documents of a Rebellious Decade ed. Judith Albert (Praeger: New York, 1984)

Brenda Laurel, Computers as Theatre (Menlo Park, Calif.: Addison-Wesley, 1991)

Lawrence Lessig, The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World (New York: Random House, 2001)

Warren S. McCulloch and Walter Pitts, "A Logical Calculus Immanent in Nervous Activity," Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics 5 (1943): 115-133

Marshall McLuhan and Quentin Fiore. The Medium is the Massage (New York: Bantam, 1967)

Otlet, Paul. Traité de Documentation: le livre sur le livre. Théorie et practique. Editiones Mundaneum, IIB Publication No. 197 (Bruxelles: Palais Mondial, 1934): 431-450

Rinzler, Alan, ed. Manifesto: Addressed to the President of the United States from the Youth of America (New York: Macmillan, 1970)

Jerry Rubin, Do It! Scenarios of the Revolution (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1970)

Claude E. Shannon, "A Mathematical Theory of Communication," The Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 27, July, October 1948: 379-423, 623-656

Ivan E. Sutherland, "Sketchpad—A Man-Machine Graphical Communication System," Proceedings of the Spring Joint Computer Conference, Detroit, Michigan, May 1963, and MIT Lincoln Laboratory Technical Report no. 296, January 1963

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, Bernard Wall, trans. 1955 The Phenomenon of Man (New York: Harper, 1975)

Linus Torvalds, Just For Fun, (London: Texere, 2001)

John von Neumann, The Computer and the Brain, Second Edition, 1958 (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press: 2000)

Norbert Wiener, "Communication and Secrecy in the Modern World" 1951: MIT archives

  • I am a Mathematician (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1956)


Janet Abbate, Inventing the Internet (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999)

Thierry Bardini, Bootstrapping: Douglas Engelbart, Coevolution, and the Origins of Personal Computing (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2001)

Stewart Brand, The Media Lab: Inventing the Future at MIT (New York: Viking Penguin Inc., 1987)

Chris DiBona, ed., et al. Open Sources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution (Sebastopol, Calif.: O’Reilly & Associates, Inc., 1999)

James Gillies & Robert Cailliau. How the Web was Born: The Story of the World Wide Web (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000)

Herman H. Goldstine, The Computer from Pascal to von Neumann (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1972)

Katie Hafner & Matthew Lyon. Where Wizards Stay Up Late: The Origins of the Internet, (New York: Simon & Schuster Inc., 1998)

David Halberstam, The Fifties (New York: Random House, 1993)

Steve J. Heims, John von Neumann and Norbert Wiener: From Mathematics to the Technologies of Life and Death (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1980)

Michael Hiltzik, Dealers of Lightning: Xerox PARC and the Dawn of the Computer Age (New York: HarperCollins, 1999)

Andrew Hodges, Alan Turing: The Enigma, 2000 (New York: Walker & Co., 2000)

Steven Levy, Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution (New York: Doubleday, 1984)

  • Insanely Great: The Life and Times of Macintosh, the Computer that Changed Everything (New York: Viking Penguin, 1994)

Philip Marchand, Marshall McLuhan: The Medium and the Messenger (New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1989)

William Poundstone, Prisoner’s Dilemma (New York: Doubleday, 1992)

Stephen Segaller, Nerds 2.0.1: A Brief History of the Internet (New York: TV Books, 1998)

Larry Sloman, Steal This Dream: Abbie Hoffman and the Countercultural Revolution in America (New York: Doubleday, 1998)

M. Mitchell Waldrop, The Dream Machine: J. C. R. Licklider and the Revolution That Made Computing Personal (New York: Penguin Group, 2001)

Recommended Readings

Paulina Borsook, Cyberselfish: A Critical Romp Through the Terribly Libertarian Culture of High Tech (New York: Perseus Books, 2000)

David Brin, The Transparent Society: Will Technology Force Us to Choose Between Privacy and Freedom?, (Reading, Mass.: Perseus Books, 1998)

Malcolm Gladwell, The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 2000)

Douglas Hofstadter, Godel Escher Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid

John Chris Jones, The Internet and Everyone, (London: Ellipsis, 1999)

Robert W. McChesney, Rich Media, Poor Democracy: Communication Politics in Dubious Times (Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1999)

Jef Raskin, The Humane Interface: New Directions for Designing Interactive Systems (Menlo Park, Calif.: Addison-Wesley, 2000)

Howard Rheingold, Virtual Reality (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991)

Andrew L. Shapiro, The Control Revolution: How the Internet is Putting Individuals in Charge and Changing the World We Know (New York: Perseus Books, 2000)

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