Ted Nelson (1937- )
Raised in Greenwich Village, non-conformist Theodor Holm Nelson graduated from Swarthmore College in 1959 and received his MA from Harvard in 1964. He coined the term hypertext in 1963 and later developed the concept of Xanadu, a decentralized pay-per-document hypertext database encompassing all written information. His hypertext database is intimately associated with the World Wide Web. He was influenced by the work of Vannevar Bush, Marshall McLuhan and Doug Engelbart, and influenced Tim Berners-Lee and K. Eric Drexler.